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Themenvorschläge für das Seminar "Special Topics in Organic Computing and Autonomic Computing" im Sommersemester 2011

Grundlagen

Thema: Einführung in Autonomic Computing

  • Vision
  • Self-x-Eigenschaften
  • MAPE
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. J. O. Kephart and D. M. Chess. The vision of Autonomic Computing. IEEE Computer, 36(1):41-50, 2003.
  2. S. Dobson, R. Sterritt, P. Nixon, and M. Hinchey. Fulfilling the vision of Autonomic Computing. IEEE Computer, 43(1):35-41, 2010.
  3. J. W. Schweitzer and C. Draper. Architecture overview for autonomic computing. In M. Parashar and S. Hariri, editors, Autonomic Computing - Concepts, Infrastructure, and Applications, chapter 5, pages 71-98. CRC, 2007.
  • Ansprechpartner: Lei Liu


Thema: Einführung in Organic Computing

  • Vision
  • Observer/controller
  • Controlled self-organisation
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. J. Branke, M. Mnif, C. Müller-Schloer, H. Prothmann, U. Richter, F. Rochner, and H. Schmeck. Organic Computing - Addressing complexity by controlled self-organization. In T. Margaria, A. Philippou, and B. Steffen, editors, Post-Conference Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation (ISoLA 2006), pages 185-191. IEEE, 2006.
  2. H. Schmeck, C. Müller-Schloer, E. Cakar, M. Mnif, and U. Richter. Adaptivity and self-organization in organic computing systems. ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems, 5(3):1-32, 2010.
  • Ansprechpartner: hpr


Thema: Einführung in Amorphous Computing

  • Grundlagen
  • Origami Shape Language in Amorphous Computing - Constructing Global Shape using Biologically-inspired Local Interactions and Origami Mathematics
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. H. Abelson, D. Allen, D. Coore, C. Hanson, G. Homsy, T. F. Knight, R. Nagpal, E. Rauch, G. J. Sussman, and R.Weiss. Amorphous computing. Communications of the ACM, 43(5):74-82, 2000.
  2. Nagpal, Radhika, Programmable Self-Assembly: Constructing Global Shape using Biologically-inspired Local Interactions and Origami Mathematics. PhD thesis, MIT, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2001
  3. http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/projects/amorphous/Progmat/
  • Ansprechpartnerin: Sabrina Merkel


Methoden, Tools und Lernverfahren

Thema: Lernenverfahren in OC und AC

  • kurze Beschreibung:
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  • Ansprechpartner: nfr


Thema: Prognose von Fehlerzuständen zur Laufzeit

Angesichts der ständig wachsenden Komplexität und Dynamik von Computersystemen müssen Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Verfügbarkeit getroffen werden. Proaktives Fehlermanagement zur Laufzeit der Systeme stellt ein wirksames Konzept zur Lösung dieses Problems dar. Hierfür müssen bevorstehende Störungen möglichst frühzeitig erkannt werden. Dazu können anhand des aktuellen Systemzustands sowie Erfahrungen der Vergangenheit Prognosen über das zukünftige Verhalten getroffen werden.

Dieser Vortrag gibt zunächst einen Überblick über Bereiche, in denen Fehlerzustände zur Laufzeit prognostiziert werden. Anschließend sollen Prognosemethoden vorgestellt und klassifiziert werden. Darüber hinaus sollen Anwendungsbeispiele präsentiert werden.

  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. F. Salfner, M. Lenk, and M. Malek. A Survey of Online Failure Prediction Methods. ACM Computing Surveys, 42(3), pp. 10:1-10:42, 2010.
  • Ansprechpartner: chi


Thema: Vorhersage in OC und AC

  • kurze Beschreibung:
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  • Ansprechpartner: fpf und mwu


Thema: Particle filters for positioning

  • kurze Beschreibung: Particle Filter Track Before Detect Algorithms (viel Mathematik)
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. Marco A. G. Moreira, Henrique N. Machado, Cristina F. C. Mendonca, and Guilherme A. S. Pereira. Mobile robot outdoor localization using planar beacons and visual improved odometry. Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems San Diego, CA, USA, Oct 29 - Nov 2, 2007.
  2. Fredrik Gustafsson, Fredrik Gunnarsson, Niclas Bergman, Urban Forssell, Jonas Jansson, Rickard Karlsson, and Per-Johan Nordlund. Particle Filters for Positioning, Navigation, and Tracking. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 50, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2002
  • Ansprechpartnerin: Sanaz Mostaghim


Anwendungen

Thema: Platform Support for AC

  • kurze Beschreibung: Overview of platform support for realizing Autonomic Computing in technical systems
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. Paul Horn, Autonomic Computing: IBM's Perspective on the State of Information Technology, IBM Corp., 2001
  2. L. Durham, M. Milenkovic, P. Cayton, and M. Yousif. Platform support for autonomic computing - A research vehicle. In M. Parashar and S. Hariri, editors, Autonomic Computing - Concepts, Infrastructure, and Applications, chapter 16, pages 329-350. CRC, 2007.
  • Ansprechpartner: Lei Liu


Thema: OC im Verkehr

  • Dezentrale Lichtsignalsteuerungen
  • Car2Car-Kommunikation zur Stauerkennung (Hovering data clouds, organic information complexes)
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. P. Balaji and D. Srinivasan. Multi-agent system in urban traffic signal control. IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine, 5(4):43-51, 2010.
  1. S. P. Fekete, C. Schmidt, A. Wegener, H. Hellbrück, and S. Fischer. Empowered by wireless communication: Distributed methods for self-organizing traffic collectives. ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems, 5(3):11.1-11.30, 2010.
  • Ansprechpartner: fpf und mwu / hpr


Thema: OC für Energiemanagementsysteme

  • OC zur Flexibilisierung des Energiebedarfs
  • Dezentrale Steuerung für Smart-Homes
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. Florian Allerding, Birger Becker, and Hartmut Schmeck: Integration intelligenter Steuerungskomponenten in reale smart-home-Umgebungen. In GI Jahrestagung 2010, LNI, pages 455-460, GI, 2010
  1. Birger Becker, Florian Allerding, Ulrich Reiner, Matthias Kahl, Urban Richter, Daniel Pathmaperuma, Hartmut Schmeck, and Thomas Leibfried: Decentralized energy-management to control smart-home architectures. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems (ARCS 2010), volume 5974 of LNCS, pages 150-161, Springer, 2010
  1. Sebastian Graessle, Birger Becker, Thomas Knapp, Florian Allerding, Hartmut Schmeck, and Andreas Wagner: Intelligent control system for CHP-equipment in smart-homes. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies, 2011
  • Ansprechpartner: bbe, fal


Thema: Designing self-healing robotic systems

  • Fehlertoleranz für Robtiksysteme
  • Erkennen von / Reagieren auf Fehlerzustände
  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. A. L. Christensen. Fault Detection in Autonomous Robots. PhD thesis, Universite Libre de Bruxeles, Faculte des Sciences Appliquees, 2008.
  1. J. Bongard, V. Zykov, and H. Lipson. Resilient machines through continuous self-modeling. Science, 314(5802):1118-1121, 2006.
  1. W. Brockmann, E. Maehle, K.-E. Großpietsch, N. Rosemann, and B. Jakimovski. ORCA: An organic robot control architecture. In C. Müller-Schloer, H. Schmeck, and T. Ungerer, editors, Organic Computing - A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems, Autonomic Systems. Birkhäuser, 2011. To appear.
  • Ansprechpartner: hpr


Thema: Self-organisation in automotive systems

  • kurze Beschreibung:

Self-healing promises to improve the dependability of systems. In particular safety-critical systems like automotive systems are well suited application, since safe operation is required in these systems even in case of failures. Prerequisite for the improved dependability is the correct realization of the self-healing techniques. Consequently, self-healing activities should be rigorously specified and appropriately integrated with the rest of the system.

  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. F. Nafz, H. Seebach, J. Holtmann, J. Meyer, M. Tichy, W. Reif, W. Schäfer: Designing Self-Healing in Automotive Systems, In Proc. of the 7th International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted Computing (ATC 2010), Xi'an, China, 26-29 October, Springer Verlag, Vol. 6407, S. 47-61, 2010.
  2. Weiss, G., Zeller, M., Eilers, D., Knorr, R.: Towards Self-organization in Automotive Embedded Systems. In: Gonz´alez Nieto, J., Reif, W., Wang, G., Indulska, J. (eds.) ATC 2009. LNCS, vol. 5586, pp. 32–46. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)(Within this work we examine the feasibility and opportunities of integrating self-organizing techniques into vehicles.)
  • Ansprechpartner: fpf und mwu


Thema: Self-Organisation in Engineering Systems

  • Operator-Controller Module, erlernen verschiedener Regelstrategien, Dynamische Anpassung des Reglerverhaltens zur Laufzeit, Railcab
  • Literaturvorschläge:

[1] T. Hestermeyer, O. Oberschelp, and H. Giese, “Structured information processing for self-optimizing mechatronic systems,” in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2004), H. Ara´ujo, A. Vieira, J. Braz, B. Encarnac¸ and M. Carvalho, Eds. IEEE Computer Society Press, August 2004, pp. 230–237. [2] J. Böcker, B. Schulz, T. Knoke, and N. Fröhleke, “Self-optimization as a framework for advanced control systems,” in 32nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Paris, France, Nov. 2006. [3] Hestermeyer, T., and Oberschelp, O., Selbstoptimierende Fahrzeugregelung - Verhaltensbasierte Adaption, Intelligente mechatronische Systeme, HNIVerlagsschriftenreihe, Heinz Nixdorf Institut, Vol. 122, pp. 231–241, 2003. [4] http://nbp-www.upb.de/

  • Ansprechpartner: fpf und mwu


Thema: Trustworthiness

  • kurze Beschreibung:

Organic Computing (OC) systems differ from classical software systems as the topology and the participating components of the system are not predefined and therefore are subject to unforeseeable change during the systems’ runtime. Thus, completely new challenges to the verification and validation of such systems as well as for interactions between system components and, of course, between the system and the user arise. These challenges can be subsumed by the terms trustworthiness or trust. safety, security, reliability; Trusted Algorithms and Controlled Emergence

  • Literaturvorschläge:
  1. http://mm-werkstatt.informatik.uni-augsburg.de/OC-TRUST.html
  2. Jan-Philipp Steghöfer, Rolf Kiefhaber, Karin Leichtenstern, Yvonne Bernard, Lukas Klejnowski, Wolfgang Reif, Theo Ungerer, Elisabeth André, Jörg Hähner, and Christian Müller-Schloer: Trustworthy Organic Computing Systems: Challenges and Perspectives, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted Computing (ATC 2010), Springer
  3. A. J. Lee, M. Winslett, J. Basney, and V. Welch, Traust: a trust

negotiation-based authorization service for open systems, in SACMAT '06

  1. Rolf Kiefhaber, Benjamin Satzger, Julia Schmitt, Michael Roth, Theo Ungerer. The Delayed Ack Method to Measure Trust in Organic Computing Systems. In Proceedings of the Trustworthy Self-Organizing System Workshop 2010 at the Fourth IEEE Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems. IEEE Computer Society Press, 2010.
  • Ansprechpartner: fpf und mwu


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