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The Semantic Web. Latest Advances and New Domains

Published: 2016 Juni
Herausgeber: Harald Sack, Eva Blomqvist, Mathieu d'Aquin, Chiara Ghidini, Simone Paolo Ponzetto, Christoph Lange
Ausgabe: 9678
Reihe: Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Verlag: Springer
Organisation: ESWC2016

The goal of the Semantic Web is to create a Web of knowledge and services in which the semantics of content is made explicit and content is linked to both other content and services, enabling novel applications that combine content from heterogeneous sources in unforeseen ways and support enhanced matching between users’ needs and content. This network of knowledge-based functionality weaves together a large network of human knowledge and distributed linked data, and makes this knowledge machine- processable to support intelligent behavior by machines. Creating such an interlinked Web of Knowledge that spans unstructured, RDF, as well as multimedia content and services requires the collaboration of many disciplines, including but not limited to: artificial intelligence, natural language processing, database and information systems, information retrieval and data mining, machine learning, multimedia, distributed sys- tems, social networks, Web engineering, and Web science. These complementarities are reflected in the outline of the technical program of ESWC 2016. The ESWC Conference is established as a yearly major venue for discussing the latest scientific results and technology innovations related to the Semantic Web and linked data. At ESWC, international scientists, industry specialists, and practitioners meet to discuss the future of applicable, scalable, user-friendly, as well as potentially game-changing solutions. This 13th edition took place from May 29 to June 2, 2016, in Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Building on its past success, ESWC is seeking to broaden its focus to span other relevant research areas in which Web semantics plays an important role. Thus, the chairs of ESWC 2016 decided to broaden the scope to span further emerging relevant research areas with two special tracks putting particular emphasis on inter-disciplinary research topics and areas that show the potential of exciting synergies for the future, namely: “Trust and Privacy” and “Smart Cities and GeoSpatial Data.” This choice also resulted in three exciting invited keynotes. Jim Hendler (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) is well known as one of the originators of the Semantic Web. In his keynote, he explored some of the uses and needs of ontologies on the Web in data integration, emerging technologies, and linked data applications. In particular, he pointed out deficiencies in OWL’s design that have hindered its application, and suggested directions for making OWL more relevant to the modern Web. Ernesto Damiani (Università degli Studi di Milano) discussed the idea that techniques used for semantic enrichment of big data can be seen as non-linear leakage and privacy risk boosters. Semantic technologies might increase leakage risk by increasing the value for the attacker per unit of information leaked. Furthermore, they might increase intrusion risk, making injection attacks more effective per unit of poisoned information injected. Eleni Pratsini (IBM Research Ireland) discussed the typical challenges of intelligent semantic systems that often prevent a business from even starting to look at the information and make sense of it. On the other hand there are novel business oppor- tunities enabled by advances in cognitive computing that offer new possibilities in analyzing unstructured information for richer insights. The main scientific program of the conference comprised 47 papers: 39 research and eight in-use, selected out of 204 submissions, which corresponds to an acceptance rate of 21 % for the 184 research papers submitted and of 40 % for the 20 in-use papers submitted. This program was completed by a demonstration and poster session, in which researchers had the chance to present their latest results and advances in the form of live demos. In addition, the PhD Symposium program included 10 contributions, selected out of 21 submissions. This year’s edition of ESWC’s main scientific program presented a significant number of research papers with a focus on solving typical Semantic Web problems, such as entity linking, discoverability, etc., by using methods and techniques borrowed from other areas like machine learning and natural language processing. Likewise, research problems from those related areas, in particular also from smart cities and geospatial data-related problems, are tackled by adapting typical approaches to incorporate Semantic Web resources as well as technologies. To have an open, multidisciplinary, and cross-fertilizing event, we complemented the conference program with 15 workshops, nine tutorials, as well as the EU Project Networking session. This year, an open call for challenges also allowed us to select and support eight challenges. As general and Program Committee chairs, we would like to thank the many people who were involved in making ESWC 2016 a success. First of all, our thanks go to the 24 track chairs and 378 reviewers including 83 external reviewers for ensuring a rigorous blind review process that led to an excellent scientific program and an average number of four reviews per article. This was also completed by an inspiring selection of posters and demos chaired by Nadine Steinmetz and Giuseppe Rizzo. Special thanks go to the PhD symposium chairs, Chiara Ghidini and Simone Paolo Ponzetto, who proposed and managed a very constructive organization of this ESWC key event ensuring a real mentoring to all the brilliant students who participated. We had a great selection of workshops and tutorials thanks to the dynamism and commitment of our workshop chairs, Dunja Mladenic and Sören Auer, and tutorial chairs, H. Sofia Pinto and Tommaso di Noia. Thanks to our EU Project Networking session chairs, Erik Mannens, Mauro Dragoni, Lyndon Nixon, and Oscar Corcho, we had the opportunity to arrange meetings and exciting discussions between the contributors of the currently leading European research projects. We are grateful for the work and commitment of Anna Tordai, Stefan Dietze, and all the challenges chairs, who successfully established a challenge track with an open-call leading to a very useful comparison of the latest solutions for eight challenge areas. Thanks to STI International for supporting the conference organization. YouVivo GmbH and in particular Katharina Haas deserve special thanks for the professional support of the conference organization. We are very grateful to Heiko Paulheim, our publicity chair, who kept our com- munity informed at every stage, and Venislav Georgiev, who administered the website. Our sponsorship chairs, Steffen Lohmann and Freddie Lecue, played an extremely important role in collecting sponsorships for the conference, the awards, and the grants. VI Preface And of course we also thank our sponsors listed on the next pages, for their vital support to this edition of ESWC. We also want to stress the huge work achieved by the Semantic Technologies coordinators Anna Lisa Gentile and Andrea Giovanni Nuzzolese, who maintained and updated our “ESWC Conference Live” mobile app. A special thanks also to our proceedings chair, Christoph Lange, who did a remarkable job in preparing this volume with the kind support of Springer.

ISBN: 978-3-319-34128-6
ISSN: 0302-9743
Weitere Informationen unter: Link
DOI Link: 10.1007/978-3-319-34129-3


Information Service Engineering